A root canal is a valuable dental procedure used to treat and preserve teeth with inflamed or infected roots. The pulp is the live tissue at the center of the tooth that contains nerves and blood vessels. When the pulp becomes inflamed or infected from a deep cavity or other reasons, patients can experience pain and swelling, and if left untreated can result in loss of the tooth. A root canal removes the damaged parts of the tooth as well as the inflamed or infected tissue from the center of the roots, taking you out of pain and getting rid of the infection. Root canal therapy must be followed up with a permanent filling or crown to seal the tooth and protect it from bacteria getting inside again.
Why would I need a root canal?
When deep cavities of cracks form on a tooth, they allow bacteria to enter the chamber of the tooth that is filled with nerves and blood vessels. The nerves and blood vessels inside the tooth are known as the pulp, and once that becomes colonized with bacteria, it is necessary to remove the infected pulp in order to save the tooth.
What can I expect during my root canal treatment?
A root canal is a procedure used to repair and save a tooth where bacteria have invaded the pulp tissues. During a root canal procedure, the pulp is removed and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed. Without treatment, the tissue surrounding the tooth will become infected and abscesses may form.
“Root canal” is the term used to describe the natural cavity within the center of the tooth. The pulp is the soft tissues within the root canal. It includes blood vessels, nerves (over 2000 per square millimeter), lymph tissues, and the genetic material your body uses to grow the roots of your teeth when a child>
A tooth’s nerve is not vitally important to a tooth’s health and function after the root has finished growing. Its only function is sensory — to provide the sensation of hot or cold. The presence or absence of a nerve will not affect the day-to-day functioning of the tooth.